CYCAD PLANT PROFILE
Cycads are typically characterized by a stout and woody trunk with a crown of large and firm evergreen to blue leaves. The individual plants are either male or female (dioeciously). Cycads are slow growers and live very long with some specimens known to be as much as 1,000 years old. Because of their superficial resemblance, they are sometimes mistaken for palms or ferns, but are only distantly related to either.
Cycads are found across much of the subtropical and tropical parts of the world. Some may endure harsh semi desert climates, others may be native to damp rain forest conditions and some may be hardy enough to exist in areas know for extreme weather conditions ranging from very hot and dry to very cold and snowy environments. Some cycads may grow in sand or even on rock, some in oxygen-poor, swampy, bog-like soils rich in organic material. A cycad may prefer full sun or shade. Some may be salt tolerant (halophytes).
Cycads belong to the biological division Cycadophyta. At present the cycad remain minor in the world’s plant population versus being extremely common during the Jurassic period. They have changed little since then, compared to some major evolutionary changes in other plant species. Exclusive Cycads trade in a very specific list of cycad species.
Listed below are the profiles of the plants, indicating a specific plant’s preference for soil, light, and climate as well as water usage. This list may be of assistance when considering an ideal cycad or even when ideal conditions are created for a cycad.